Rapid assessment of the HIV/AIDS crisis in racial and ethnic minority communities: an approach for timely community interventions

Am J Public Health. 2003 Jun;93(6):970-9. doi: 10.2105/ajph.93.6.970.


Objectives: The US Department of Health and Human Services, in collaboration with the Congressional Black Caucus, created a new initiative to address the disproportionate ongoing HIV/AIDS crisis in racial/ethnic minority populations.

Methods: This initiative included deploying technical assistance teams through the Office of HIV/AIDS Policy. The teams introduced rapid assessment and response methodologies and trained minority communities in their use.

Results: The first 3 eligible cities (Detroit, Miami, and Philadelphia) focused assessments in small geographic areas, using multiple methodologies to obtain data.

Conclusions: Data from the first 3 eligible cities provided critical information about changing the dynamics of the HIV/AIDS epidemic at the local level, including program and policy changes and infrastructure redeployment targeted at the most serious social and environmental conditions.

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / ethnology
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / prevention & control
  • Attitude to Health / ethnology*
  • Black or African American / psychology
  • Community Health Planning / organization & administration*
  • Community Participation*
  • HIV Infections / ethnology*
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • HIV Infections / psychology
  • HIV Infections / transmission
  • Health Priorities*
  • Hispanic or Latino / psychology
  • Humans
  • Minority Groups / psychology*
  • Public Health Practice*
  • Residence Characteristics / classification
  • Risk Assessment / methods
  • Risk Assessment / organization & administration*
  • Risk-Taking*
  • Sampling Studies
  • Sex Work / ethnology
  • Small-Area Analysis
  • Substance Abuse, Intravenous / virology
  • Time Factors
  • United States / epidemiology
  • United States Dept. of Health and Human Services
  • Urban Health Services / organization & administration*