Lymphomas belong to the most treatable and curable malignant tumors of childhood. They should always be considered among differential diagnosis, even in unusual locations, and tumor material should be processed adequately to reach true diagnosis. The authors report on a 16-year-old adolescent with a tracheal lymphoma, a rare location of lymphoma in childhood. Because only formalin-fixed tumor material was obtained, pathology showed two differential diagnoses and the entity could never be fully clarified as anaplastic plasmacytoma or plasmoblastic lymphoma. Thus, full lymphoma diagnostic workup should be performed even in tumors with atypical location.