Deep venous thrombosis risk assessment, incidence, and prophylaxis in foot and ankle surgery

Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2003 Apr;20(2):269-89. doi: 10.1016/S0891-8422(03)00007-7.


As discussed in this review, DVT and PE are dangerous clinical diagnoses that can occur following foot and ankle surgery. The authors have provided a clinical protocol, a risk assessment tool, and treatment guidelines for this condition that can be applied to the everyday practice of foot and ankle surgeons. Unlike recommendations in previous studies, the authors believe that podiatric and orthopedic surgeons operating on the foot and ankle should evaluate each patient carefully and consider pharmacologic prophylaxis against DVT formation when significant risk factors are present.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Ankle / surgery*
  • Anticoagulants / therapeutic use
  • Foot / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Venous Thrombosis / epidemiology
  • Venous Thrombosis / physiopathology
  • Venous Thrombosis / prevention & control*


  • Anticoagulants