Molecular views of recombination proteins and their control

Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2003 Jun;4(6):435-45. doi: 10.1038/nrm1127.


The efficient repair of double-strand breaks in DNA is critical for the maintenance of genome stability and cell survival. Homologous recombination provides an efficient and faithful pathway of repair, especially in replicating cells, in which it plays a major role in tumour avoidance. Many of the enzymes that are involved in recombination have been isolated, and the details of this pathway are now being unravelled at the molecular level.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • BRCA2 Protein / physiology
  • Bacterial Physiological Phenomena
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • DNA Repair
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology
  • Endonucleases*
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Models, Genetic
  • Models, Molecular
  • Rad51 Recombinase
  • Rad52 DNA Repair and Recombination Protein
  • Recombination, Genetic*


  • BRCA2 Protein
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • RAD52 protein, human
  • Rad52 DNA Repair and Recombination Protein
  • RAD51 protein, human
  • Rad51 Recombinase
  • Endonucleases
  • MUS81 protein, human