Background: Performance review using videotapes is a strategy employed to improve future performance. We postulated that videotape review of trauma resuscitations would improve compliance with a treatment algorithm.
Methods: Trauma resuscitations were taped and reviewed during a 6-month period. For 3 months, team members were given verbal feedback regarding performance. During the next 3 months, new teams attended videotape reviews of their performance. Data on targeted behaviors were compared between the two groups.
Results: Behavior did not change after 3 months of verbal feedback; however, behavior improved after 1 month of videotape feedback (P <0.05) and total time to disposition was reduced by 50% (P <0.01). This response was sustained for the remainder of the study.
Conclusions: Videotape review can be an important learning tool as it was more effective than verbal feedback in achieving behavioral changes and algorithm compliance. Videotape review can be an important quality assurance adjunct, as improved algorithm compliance should be associated with improved patient care.