A three-nucleotide (GAG) deletion in the TOR1A gene is the most common cause of inherited dystonia, DYT1. Because the mutant protein, TorsinA (TA), is thought to act in a dominant manner to cause disease, inhibiting expression from the mutant gene represents a potentially powerful therapeutic strategy. In an effort to develop therapy for this disease, we tested whether small interfering RNA (siRNA) could selectively silence expression of mutant TA. Exploiting the three-base pair difference between wild-type and mutant alleles, we designed siRNAs to silence expression of mutant, wild-type, or both forms of TA. In transfected cells, siRNA successfully suppressed wild-type or mutant TA in an allele-specific manner: for example, mutant-specific siRNA reduced the levels of mutant TA to less than 1% of controls with minimal effect on wild-type TA expression. In cells expressing both alleles, thus simulating the heterozygous state, siRNA-mediated suppression remained robust and allele specific. Our siRNA studies demonstrate allele-specific targeting of a dominant neurogenetic disease gene and suggest the broad therapeutic potential of siRNA for DYT1 dystonia and other dominantly inherited neurological diseases.