Intravascular lymphomatosis

J Clin Pathol. 2003 Jun;56(6):468-70. doi: 10.1136/jcp.56.6.468.


Intravascular lymphomatosis (IVL) is a rare angiotrophic large cell lymphoma producing vascular occlusion of arterioles, capillaries, and venules. Antigenic phenotyping shows that these lymphomas are mostly of B cell type, and less commonly T cell or Ki-1 lymphomas. The central nervous system and skin are the two most commonly affected organs; patients usually present with progressive encephalopathy with mental status changes and focal neurological deficits and skin petechia, purpura, plaques, and discolouration. Other involved organs include adrenal glands, lungs, heart, spleen, liver, pancreas, genital tract, and kidneys. Bone marrow, blood, cerebrospinal fluid, and lymph nodes are typically spared. Fever of unknown origin is another common presentation. Only one case of IVL presenting with disseminated intravascular coagulation and anasarca (generalised oedema) has been reported in the literature. This report describes a postmortem case of a patient with IVL who initially presented with disseminated intravascular coagulation complicated by intracerebral haemorrhage.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology
  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation / etiology*
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / complications*
  • Male
  • Vascular Neoplasms / complications*