Countermanding saccades: evidence against independent processing of go and stop signals

Percept Psychophys. 2003 Apr;65(3):420-8. doi: 10.3758/bf03194573.


In a stop signal paradigm, subjects were instructed to make a saccade to a visual target appearing left or right of the fixation point. In 25% of the trials, an auditory stop signal was presented after a variable delay that required the subject to inhibit the saccade. Observed saccadic response times in stop failure trials were longer than predicted by Logan and Cowan's (1984) race model. Saccadic response time and amplitude decreased with the time between stop signal presentation and saccade execution, suggesting an inhibitory effect between the stop signal and the go signal processes that is not compatible with an independent race assumption. Moreover, countermanding a saccade was more difficult when stop and go signals appeared at the same location.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Fixation, Ocular
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Random Allocation
  • Saccades / physiology*
  • Visual Perception