Associations of blood glucose control with self-efficacy and rated anxiety/depression in type II diabetes mellitus patients

Psychol Rep. 2003 Apr;92(2):540-4. doi: 10.2466/pr0.2003.92.2.540.


We investigated the possible relations of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level, a parameter of blood glucose control with scores on anxiety, depression, and self-efficacy for 113 outpatients (55 men and 58 women) with type II diabetes mellitus. The relation between the HbA1c level and the self-efficacy scores as well as with the ratings of anxiety and depression was evaluated. A significant relation was found for the HbA1c level with the scores; however, self-efficacy and anxiety and depression showed no association. These results suggest that HbA1c can be maintained at better levels by increasing self-efficacy of diabetic patients.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anxiety / diagnosis*
  • Blood Glucose / analysis*
  • Depression / diagnosis*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / diagnosis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Regression Analysis
  • Self Efficacy*


  • Blood Glucose