Background: Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) and congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) are major causes of renal dysfunction in children. Although a few patients with 13q deletion have been previously reported with renal anomalies, the association of SRNS with 13q has not been reported and critical regions associated with CAKUT have not been identified. We present the results of deletion mapping studies to identify the critical regions.
Methods: Cytogenetic and deletion mapping studies were performed on DNA obtained from peripheral blood of two children with renal anomalies and interstitial deletion of 13q as well as their parents. Twenty eight microsatellite markers with a spacing of 1-8 Mb (1-3 cM) were utilized.
Results: The patients (both males, 5 and 10 years old) had varying severity of developmental delay and other neurologic disorders. The renal involvement included hydronephrosis, ureterocele, renal dysplasia, and mesangioproliferative SRNS. Our studies imply existence of at least two critical regions in the 13q area that are linked to CAKUT. The first is a 7 Mb region defined by markers D13S776 and D13S891 shared by both patients. The second is a much larger region extending at least 33 Mb above D13S776 seen in one patient with severe renal malformations and SRNS.
Conclusion: We report an association of chromosome 13q with CAKUT as well as SRNS. Our studies suggest the presence of more than one gene in this region that is likely to be involved in renal development and function.