Hostility predicts metabolic syndrome risk factors in children and adolescents

Health Psychol. 2003 May;22(3):279-86. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.22.3.279.


The authors tested in 134 African American and European American children whether hostility measured at study entry predicted the metabolic syndrome risk factors an average of 3 years later. Hostility was measured with the Cook-Medley Hostility Scale (W. W. Cook & D. M. Medley, 1954) and with ratings of Potential for Hostility from interview responses. Metabolic syndrome was based on having at least 2 of the following risk factors above the 75th percentile of scores for their age, race, and gender group: body mass index, insulin resistance index, ratio of triglycerides to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and mean arterial blood pressure. Children who exhibited high hostility scores at baseline were likely to exhibit the metabolic syndrome at the follow-up. The results highlight the potential importance of early prevention and intervention of behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • African Americans / psychology*
  • Child
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / psychology*
  • Female
  • Hostility*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / ethnology
  • Metabolic Syndrome / etiology*
  • Metabolic Syndrome / psychology*
  • Risk Factors