Psychological adjustment among African American breast cancer patients: one-year follow-up results of a randomized psychoeducational group intervention

Health Psychol. 2003 May;22(3):316-23. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.22.3.316.


The effectiveness of support group interventions for cancer patients has been established among White patients but has been virtually unstudied among minority patients. The current study represents the 1st randomized support group intervention targeted to African American women with breast cancer. Participants (N = 73) with nonmetastatic breast cancer were randomly assigned to an 8-week group intervention or an assessment-only control condition At 12 months, the intervention resulted in improved mood as well as improved general and cancer-specific psychological functioning among women with greater baseline distress or lower income. Subsequent research is needed to address effective methods of enrolling and following women with fewer psychosocial and financial resources, as they were the most likely to benefit from this particular intervention.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adult
  • Affect
  • African Americans / psychology*
  • Aged
  • Breast Neoplasms / ethnology*
  • Breast Neoplasms / psychology*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Middle Aged
  • Self-Help Groups*
  • Stress, Psychological