Voltage-dependent ionic currents in solitary horizontal cells isolated from cat retina

J Neurophysiol. 1992 Oct;68(4):1143-50. doi: 10.1152/jn.1992.68.4.1143.


1. Horizontal cells of the cat retina were isolated by enzymatic dissociation. Two types of horizontal cells were identified: the axonless (A-type) horizontal cell having four to six thick, long (approximately 100 microns) dendrites, and the short-axon (B-type) horizontal cell having many (> 5) fine, short (approximately 30 microns) dendrites. 2. Membrane properties of isolated horizontal cells were analyzed under current-clamp and voltage-clamp conditions. In the A-type cell, the average resting potential was -55 mV and the mean membrane capacitance was 110 pF, whereas values in the B-type cell were -58 mV and 40 pF, respectively. The A-type cell showed long-lasting Ca spikes, but B-type cells had no Ca spikes. 3. Five types of voltage-dependent ionic currents were recorded: a sodium current (INa), a calcium current (ICa), and three types of potassium currents. Potassium currents consisted of potassium current through the inward rectifier (Ianomal), transient outward potassium current (IA), and potassium current through the delayed rectifier (IK(v)). INa was recorded only from A-type cells. Other currents were recorded from both types of cells. 4. INa activated when cells were depolarized from a holding potential (Vh) of -95 mV, and it was maximal at -25 mV. This current was blocked by tetrodotoxin. Approximately half of the A-type cells had INa, but no B-type cell had this current. 5. L-type ICa, an inward-going sustained current, was activated with depolarization more positive than -25 mV. Current amplitude reached a maximal value near 15 mV and became smaller with further depolarization.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • 3-Pyridinecarboxylic acid, 1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-5-nitro-4-(2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-, Methyl ester / pharmacology
  • 4-Aminopyridine / pharmacology
  • Action Potentials / drug effects
  • Animals
  • Calcium Channels / drug effects
  • Calcium Channels / physiology*
  • Cats
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cesium / pharmacology
  • Electric Conductivity
  • Membrane Potentials / drug effects
  • Nifedipine / pharmacology
  • Potassium Channels / drug effects
  • Potassium Channels / physiology*
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells / cytology
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells / drug effects
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells / physiology*
  • Sodium / pharmacology
  • Sodium Channels / drug effects
  • Sodium Channels / physiology*
  • Tetraethylammonium
  • Tetraethylammonium Compounds / pharmacology
  • Tetrodotoxin / pharmacology


  • Calcium Channels
  • Potassium Channels
  • Sodium Channels
  • Tetraethylammonium Compounds
  • Cesium
  • Tetrodotoxin
  • Tetraethylammonium
  • 3-Pyridinecarboxylic acid, 1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-5-nitro-4-(2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-, Methyl ester
  • Sodium
  • 4-Aminopyridine
  • Nifedipine