Clinical experience of ureteroscopic treatment for ureteral transitional cell carcinoma using the Holmium:YAG laser

Oncol Rep. 2003 Jul-Aug;10(4):821-5.

Abstract

The standard operative method for ureteral transitional cell carcinoma is nephrouterectomy with partial bladder excision of the ureteral orifice of the affected bladder. However, a conservative kidney operation and endoscopy are now being performed for low grade, low stage cases. We performed an operation using a Holmium: YAG laser, and examined its safety and efficacy. The patients were four men, and 1 woman aged from 68 to 87 (mean 78) years. There were 2 imperative cases (1 solitary kidney case, and 1 high-risk case), and 3 elective cases. The tumor size ranged from 8 to 25 (mean 14) mm. Urinary cytology was negative in all cases, and the tumors were pathologically diagnosed as grade 1 atypism on biopsy. A VersaPulse Select 80 laser generator, a 365 micro m SlimLine laser fiber, and an 8F rigid ureteroscope were used. A 6F double J catheter was indwelt for three weeks after the surgery. The pulse energy setting was 0.5-1.0 J, and the frequency was 10 Hz. The total amount of energy was 1.02-11.22 (mean 3.56) kJ, and the operation time was 20-97 (mean 50) min including the time for indwelling a ureteral stent. Neither urinary tract perforation nor ureteral stricture caused by the laser irradiation were observed. The patients have been followed by examining urine cytology once a month, and cystoscopy, retrograde pyelography, and urethroscopy once every 3 months. No recurrence has been observed as of 4-20 (mean 10) months postoperatively. Transurethral endoscopic resection using a Holmium: YAG laser is a safe and effective therapy for ureteral transitional cell carcinoma while preserving kidney and a good treatment outcome can be expected even in elective cases.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / diagnostic imaging
  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology
  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Laser Therapy / methods*
  • Male
  • Radiography
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ureteral Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Ureteral Neoplasms / pathology
  • Ureteral Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Ureteroscopy*