The efficacy of non-contraceptive uses for hormonal contraceptives

Med J Aust. 2003 Jun 16;178(12):621-3. doi: 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2003.tb05387.x.


In addition to providing safe and effective contraception, both the combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) and selected long-acting progestogen-only contraceptives have significant health benefits. The COCP may reduce menstrual blood loss, dysmenorrhoea and premenstrual syndrome; unequivocally reduces the later incidence of endometrial and ovarian cancer; appears to help protect future fertility, probably by reducing the risk of acute pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis and uterine fibroids. The quality of evidence for individual non-contraceptive health benefits of the COCP is very variable.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Contraceptives, Oral, Combined / therapeutic use*
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Female
  • Genital Diseases, Female / drug therapy*
  • Humans
  • Menstruation Disturbances / drug therapy
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Progestins / therapeutic use
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Contraceptives, Oral, Combined
  • Progestins