This study examined the breast and cervical cancer screening practices of Hispanic and non-Hispanic women (n = 3,568) in counties that approximate the US southern border region. According to the Health Resources Services Administration (HRSA), border counties are those in which any part of the county is within 100 kilometers (62.14 miles) of the border. The study used data from Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) surveys of adults aged > or = 18 years conducted in 1999 and 2000. The study looked at recent use of mammography and the Papanicolaou (Pap) test. Hispanic women were less likely to have had a recent mammogram or Pap test as compared with non-Hispanic women in border counties, and as compared with Hispanic and non-Hispanic women in nonborder counties of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California combined, and with other women in the United States. Results underscore the need for continued efforts to ensure that medically underserved women who live in the border region have access to cancer screening services.