Mindfulness meditation, anxiety reduction, and heart disease: a pilot study

Fam Community Health. Jan-Mar 2003;26(1):25-33. doi: 10.1097/00003727-200301000-00004.


Heart disease is the leading cause of death among Americans each year, yet the misperception still exists that cardiovascular disease is not a serious health problem for women. Evidence indicates that anxiety contributes to the development of heart disease. The primary purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of Kabat-Zinn's mindfulness-based stress reduction program to reduce anxiety in women with heart disease. Anxiety, emotional control, coping styles, and health locus of control were compared in a treatment and control group of women with heart disease. Post-intervention analyses provide initial support for beneficial effects of this program.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anxiety / complications
  • Anxiety / prevention & control*
  • Emotions
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Female
  • Heart Diseases / etiology
  • Heart Diseases / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control
  • Meditation*
  • Middle Aged
  • Pilot Projects
  • Self-Assessment
  • Treatment Outcome
  • United States