The nuclear actin-related proteins Arp7 and Arp9: a dimeric module that cooperates with architectural proteins for chromatin remodeling

EMBO J. 2003 Jun 16;22(12):3175-87. doi: 10.1093/emboj/cdg296.


Nuclear actin-related proteins (ARPs) are essential components of chromatin remodeling and modifying complexes, but their functions and relationship to actin remain elusive. The yeast SWI/SNF and RSC complexes contain Arp7 and Arp9, and are shown to form a stable heterodimer with the properties of a functional module. Arp7 and Arp9 rely on their actin-related regions for heterodimerization, and their unique C-termini cooperate for assembly into RSC. We suggest that regulated ARP-ARP (and possibly ARP-beta-actin) heterodimerization might be a conserved feature of chromatin complexes. A RSC complex lacking Arp7/9 was isolated that displays robust nucleosome remodeling activity, suggesting a separate essential role for ARPs in the regulation of chromatin structure. A screen for suppressors of arp mutations yielded the DNA bending architectural transcription factor Nhp6, which interacts with RSC complex physically and functionally and shows facilitated binding to nucleosomes by RSC. We propose that Arp7/9 dimers function with DNA bending proteins to facilitate proper chromatin architecture and complex- complex interactions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Actins / genetics
  • Actins / metabolism*
  • Alleles
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Chromatin / metabolism*
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / chemistry
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / genetics
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / metabolism*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Dimerization
  • HMGN Proteins
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Nucleosomes / metabolism
  • Repressor Proteins / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / chemistry
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins*
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Transcription Factors / chemistry
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*


  • ARP7 protein, S cerevisiae
  • ARP9 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Actins
  • Chromatin
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • HMGN Proteins
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Mra1 protein, S pombe
  • NHP6A protein, S cerevisiae
  • NHP6B protein, S cerevisiae
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Nucleosomes
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
  • Transcription Factors