[Report of questionnaire survey for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and penisillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae between 1998 and 2000 in the Kinki district]

Kansenshogaku Zasshi. 2003 May;77(5):331-9. doi: 10.11150/kansenshogakuzasshi1970.77.331.
[Article in Japanese]

Abstract

Kinki Infection Working Group made an annual (1998-2000) comparative study of an epidemiological investigation for Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae in the Kinki district. The number of S. aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) isolated decreased for three years, but the isolation frequencies of MRSA has not changed which was approximately 60%. All strains of MRSA were not resistant to vancomysin (VCM) and teicoplanin (TEIC), and the frequencies of resistance to sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (ST) and arbekacin (ABK) were 0.1 to 0.7% and 1.9 to 3.1%, respectively. On the other hand, the number of S. aureus and penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae (PRSP) isolated did not show a consistent tendency, but the isolation frequencies of PRSP has increased for three years. All strains of PRSP were sensitive to vancomycin (VCM), but the frequencies of resistance to cefaclor and other some antibiotics have increased.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Methicillin Resistance*
  • Penicillin Resistance*
  • Pneumococcal Infections / epidemiology*
  • Pneumococcal Infections / microbiology
  • Staphylococcal Infections / epidemiology*
  • Staphylococcal Infections / microbiology
  • Staphylococcus aureus / drug effects
  • Staphylococcus aureus / isolation & purification
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / drug effects
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / isolation & purification
  • Surveys and Questionnaires