On the determination of recombination rates in intermated recombinant inbred populations

Genetics. 2003 Jun;164(2):741-5.


The recurrent intermating of F(2) individuals for some number of generations followed by several generations of inbreeding produces an intermated recombinant inbred (IRI) population. Such populations are currently being developed in the plant-breeding community because linkage associations present in an F(2) population are broken down and a population of fixed inbred lines is also created. The increased levels of recombination enable higher-resolution mapping in IRI populations relative to F(2) populations. Herein we derive relationships, under several limiting assumptions, for determining the expected recombination fraction in IRI populations from the crossover rate per meiosis. These relationships are applicable to situations where the inbreeding component of IRI population development is by either self-fertilization or full-sib mating. Additionally, we show that the derived equations can be solved for the crossover rate per meiosis if the recombination fraction is known for the IRI population. Thus, the observed recombination fraction in any IRI population can be expressed on an F(2) basis. The implications of this work on the expansion of genetic maps in IRI populations and limits for detecting linkage between markers are also considered.

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Crossing Over, Genetic
  • Genes, Plant*
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Genetic Markers*
  • Genetics, Population
  • Inbreeding*
  • Meiosis
  • Models, Genetic
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Plants / genetics*
  • Recombination, Genetic*


  • Genetic Markers