The effect of combined aerobic and resistance exercise training on abdominal fat in obese middle-aged women

J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci. 2003 May;22(3):129-35. doi: 10.2114/jpa.22.129.


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of combined aerobic and resistance training on abdominal fat. Our participants in the study consisted of thirty obese women. They were separated into three groups: a control group (n=10), an aerobic training group (n=10) and a combined training group (n=10). The aerobic training group was composed of 60-70% HRmax (intensity), 60 minutes a day (duration) for 6 days a week (frequency). The combined training group was separated into resistance training (3 days a week, Mon, Wed, Fri) and the aerobic training (3 days a week, Tue, Thu, Sat). The levels for abdominal fat volume were measured by determining the subcutaneous fat volume (SFV), visceral fat volume (VFV), and VFV/SFV by CT (computed tomography). The VO(2max) was significantly (p<0.05) increased in both groups. The subcutaneous fat and visceral fat levels were decreased in the combined training group more than in the aerobics training group. Also, the lean body mass (LBM) was significantly increased only in the combined training group. In addition, the total cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL-C were significantly (p<.05) decreased and the HDL-C was significantly (p<.05) increased in both groups. In conclusion, our results observed that combined training decreased abdominal subcutaneous fat and visceral fat more than aerobic training only.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Abdomen
  • Adipose Tissue
  • Adult
  • Body Composition
  • Exercise Therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / therapy*
  • Physical Fitness*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Weight Lifting*