Ethanol and hormesis

Crit Rev Toxicol. 2003;33(3-4):407-24. doi: 10.1080/713611043.


This article provides a detailed assessment of the toxicological and pharmacological literature concerning alcohol-induced biphasic dose-response relationships. The assessment reveals that alcohol-induced hormetic-like dose-response relationships are commonly observed, highly generalizeable according to model and endpoint and quantitative feature of the dose response. These findings have important implications affecting study design, animal model, and endpoint selection as well as clinical applications.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug*
  • Embryonic and Fetal Development / drug effects
  • Ethanol / administration & dosage*
  • Heart / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Kidney / drug effects
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Risk Assessment


  • Ethanol