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, 452 (2), 488-96

On the Catalytic and Binding Sites of Porcine Enteropeptidase

On the Catalytic and Binding Sites of Porcine Enteropeptidase

J Baratti et al. Biochim Biophys Acta.

Abstract

The active site of porcine enteropeptidase (EC 3.4.21.9) was investigated in order to characterize better both catalytic and binding sites. The participation of a serine and a histidine residue in the catalytic process was fully confirmed and the two residues were located on the light chain of the enzyme. The binding site was found to be composed of at least 2 subsites S1 and S2. The subsite S1 (similar to the trypsin-binding site) is responsible for the interactions with the small substrates of trypsin and the lysine side chain of trypsinogen, while subsite S2 (probably a cluster of lysines) is responsible for the interactions with the polyanionic sequence found in all trypsinogens. Binding of substrate by subsite S2 led to an increased efficiency of the catalytic site which can be correlated to the known high specificity of enteropeptidase.

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