[The epidemiology of adverse reactions to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Nimesulide is tolerated by patients with adverse reactions to NSAIDs and modulates in man the skin response to histamine and codeine]

Recenti Prog Med. 1992 Oct;83(10):567-71.
[Article in Italian]

Abstract

We evaluated the tolerance to NIM in patients with adverse reactions to NSAIDs, expressed by urticaria-angioedema, bronchial asthma or erythema polymorphous on 92 patients among which 32 atopics affected by asthma, rhinitis or contact dermatitis. Challenge test has been performed with increasing amounts of NIM per os every 2 hrs to a maximum of 100 mg/dose. The last dosage was repeated every 12 hrs for 4 times more. No reactions were observed in 86 patients (93.4%). Moreover we evaluated the efficacy of NIM in modulating pomphoid cutaneous reaction to histamine (HIS) and codeine (COD). Three subjects were prick tested with HIS and COD solutions at different concentrations (0.1 to 10 mg/ml), before and after a 5 days therapy with NIM at different dosages/kg/die. At NIM dosages of 3.7 and 2.7 mg/kg/die we observed a strong reduction of pomphoid activity of both HIS and COD. No clear effects were detected at 2.2 mg/kg/die dosage. We assume a dose-related in vivo inhibitory effect of NIM on cutaneous mast cells releasability or a direct anti-histaminic effect. We point out the possible therapeutic role of NIM in the treatment of allergic flogosis at steroid and cromon's side.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / adverse effects*
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use*
  • Codeine / adverse effects*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Evaluation
  • Drug Hypersensitivity / diagnosis
  • Drug Hypersensitivity / drug therapy
  • Drug Hypersensitivity / epidemiology*
  • Drug Interactions
  • Drug Tolerance
  • Female
  • Histamine / adverse effects*
  • Histamine Release / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Skin / drug effects*
  • Skin Tests
  • Sulfonamides / therapeutic use*

Substances

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Sulfonamides
  • Histamine
  • Codeine
  • nimesulide