Radio-wave exposure of the human head: analytical study based on a versatile eccentric spheres model including a brain core and a pair of eyeballs

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2003 Jun;50(6):667-76. doi: 10.1109/TBME.2003.812222.


A versatile eccentric-spheres model of the human head is used in this paper to investigate radio-wave absorption. Numerical results, obtained by use of an exact analytical solution, are presented for the total, percentage, and gram-specific absorption. Interest is mainly in the brain and in the eyes of an adult or an infant head. Our model comprises a host sphere and several spherical inclusions, all concentrically stratified with respect to their own center. Any number of inclusions and any number of concentric layers for the host sphere and each one of the inclusions can be considered. Excitation is provided either by a plane-wave or by a nearby electric dipole. The analytical solution is obtained by use of the indirect-mode matching method. The theory of this paper and the accompanying computer code constitute a versatile tool for analytical studies of cellular-phone interactions with the human head. Specific absorption rate maps in a horizontal cross section of the head model manifest the existence of hot spots in the eyes and near the center of the brain.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brain / physiology
  • Brain / radiation effects*
  • Cell Phone
  • Computer Simulation
  • Eye / radiation effects*
  • Head / physiology
  • Head / radiation effects*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Microwaves
  • Models, Biological*
  • Ocular Physiological Phenomena
  • Radio Waves*
  • Radiometry / methods
  • Scattering, Radiation