Epigenetic detection of human chromosome 14 uniparental disomy

Hum Mutat. 2003 Jul;22(1):92-7. doi: 10.1002/humu.10237.


The recent demonstration of genomic imprinting of DLK1 and MEG3 on human chromosome 14q32 indicates that these genes might contribute to the discordant phenotypes associated with uniparental disomy (UPD) of chromosome 14. Regulation of imprinted expression of DLK1 and MEG3 involves a differentially methylated region (DMR) that encompasses the MEG3 promoter. We exploited the normal differential methylation of the DLK1/MEG3 region to develop a rapid diagnostic PCR assay based upon an individual's epigenetic profile. We used methylation-specific multiplex PCR in a retrospective analysis to amplify divergent lengths of the methylated and unmethylated MEG3 DMR in a single reaction and accurately identified normal, maternal UPD14, and paternal UPD14 in bisulfite converted DNA samples. This approach, which is based solely on differential epigenetic profiles, may be generally applicable for rapidly and economically screening for other imprinting defects associated with uniparental disomy, determining loss of heterozygosity of imprinted tumor suppressor genes, and identifying gene-specific hypermethylation events associated with neoplastic progression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 / genetics*
  • DNA / chemistry
  • DNA / genetics
  • Fetus / chemistry
  • Fetus / metabolism
  • Genetic Markers / genetics
  • Genomic Imprinting / genetics
  • Glycoproteins / genetics
  • Humans
  • Liver / chemistry
  • Liver / embryology
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Nondisjunction, Genetic
  • Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques / methods
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • Proteins / genetics
  • RNA, Long Noncoding
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA / methods
  • Sulfites / chemistry
  • Uniparental Disomy / diagnosis*
  • Uniparental Disomy / genetics*


  • Genetic Markers
  • Glycoproteins
  • MEG3 non-coding RNA, human
  • Proteins
  • RNA, Long Noncoding
  • Sulfites
  • DNA