Purpose: The purpose of this work was to investigate the role of the hepatic and intestinal P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter/multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (cMOAT/MRP2) on both biliary excretion and intestinal exsorption of irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11) and its metabolite, SN-38, in the lactone and carboxylate forms. Cyclosporin A (CsA) was used to modulate P-gp and cMOAT/MRP2.
Methods: The transcellular transport of CPT-11 and SN-38 was examined by using LLC-PK1 derivative cell lines transfected with murine mdrla both in the absence or in the presence of CsA. The excretions of the compounds through the biliary and intestinal membrane routes were investigated by in situ perfusion technique.
Results: Basolateral-to-apical transport of CPT-11 lactone in L-mdr1a cells was significantly decreased by CsA (10 microM). The transcellular transport of SN-38 lactone showed similar behaviors as those of CPT-11 lactone. The biliary excretion and the intestinal exsorption of both forms of CPT-11 and SN-38 were significantly inhibited when the drug was co-administered with CsA.
Conclusions: The transports of CPT-11 and SN-38 via the biliary route seem to be essentially related with cMOAT/MRP2, whereas those of both compounds via the intestinal membrane seem to be related with P-gp.