There are various approaches to the enhancement of dendritic cell (DC) tolerogenicity for the promotion of cell or organ allograft survival. Both pharmacologic and biologic agents, including several commonly used immunosuppressive drugs, and specific anti-inflammatory cytokines inhibit DC maturation, whereas co-stimulation-blocking agents can also promote the induction of antigen-specific T-cell unresponsiveness by DC. Delivery of genes encoding molecules that subvert T-cell responses by various mechanisms, and targeting of DC migration by selective manipulation of chemokine and chemokine receptor expression, represent additional promising strategies. In this short review, the authors consider those approaches that have been used to promote the tolerogenicity of donor-derived DC in experimental models. Whereas most work to date has focused on myeloid DC, manipulation of other DC subsets may also offer potential for improving the outcome of transplantation and enhancing tolerance induction.