[Acute myocardial infarction in premenopausal women]

Z Kardiol. 2003 Jun;92(6):476-82. doi: 10.1007/s00392-003-0944-1.
[Article in German]


Prospective, systematic studies of the pathophysiology and prognosis of premenopausal women vs young men who suffer an acute myocardial infarction (MI) and are treated with direct angioplasty are scarce.

Methods and results: A total of 782 consecutive and unselected patients who presented with an acute ST-elevation MI within 12 h of symptom onset underwent immediate angiography to guide direct angioplasty. Using this therapeutic approach clinical characteristics, angiographic observations, and short- and long-term prognosis were analyzed in a sub-group of 31 premenopausal women and compared to 192 young men with acute MI. Premenopausal women account for 4% of individuals with acute MI and for 15% (31/205) of all women. Men of the same age range make up 25% (192/782) of all MI patients (p<0.001). Three or more classic risk factors were present in 20/31 women. Young women presented later than men. Angiography demonstrated a coronary occlusion in 27/31 women (88%) but in 98% of young men (p<0.02). Direct PTCA was successful in all premenopausal women and in 179/185 men (97%, p=ns). Predischarge EF was 57% in women and 54% in men (p=ns). After 4 years of follow-up, all women had survived as compared to a 95% survival in young men. Major cardiac events had occurred in 50% of persons of either gender.

Conclusion: Premenopausal women account for 4% of individuals and for 1/6 of all female patients who presented with acute MI within 12 h of onset. Hospital admittance is delayed in young women. MI was caused by (atherosclerotic) coronary occlusion in most young women and in virtually all young men. Short- and long-term survival of premenopausal women is favorable after direct PTCA for acute MI and not different than men from the same age group.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • English Abstract
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Electrocardiography
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / epidemiology*
  • Myocardial Infarction / mortality
  • Myocardial Infarction / therapy
  • Premenopause
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Time Factors