Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 23 (2B), 1479-88

Expression and Localization of Homeodomain Proteins DLX4/HB9 in Normal and Malignant Human Breast Tissues

Affiliations
  • PMID: 12820413

Expression and Localization of Homeodomain Proteins DLX4/HB9 in Normal and Malignant Human Breast Tissues

Petra J Neufing et al. Anticancer Res.

Abstract

Background: Alterations in the control of gene expression is a key event in neoplastic transformation. Investigating the expression of transcription factors such as homeodomain proteins may therefore allow better characterization of molecular mechanisms underlying the transformation process.

Materials and methods: Expression of homeodomain proteins DLX4 and HB9 was detected by RT-PCR and immunohistochemically in 24 breast tumors and their corresponding non-malignant tissue.

Results: Although the percentage of nuclei expressing both DLX4 (p = 0.001) and HB9 (p = 0.0001) is increased in breast carcinoma, their intensity of nuclear staining is decreased compared to non-malignant nuclei. Furthermore HB9 nuclear immunoreactivity decreased progressively with increasing tumor grade (p = 0.001).

Conclusion: These data suggest that the reduction in malignant nuclear DLX4 immunoreactivity is an earlier event in breast carcinogenesis than the progressive loss of HB9 expression observed with increasing tumor grade. With further study and in conjunction with standard criterion of pathology, these findings may help to predict the malignant behaviour of some breast cancers.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 8 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

MeSH terms

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback