Nitric Oxide Is Not Involved in the Initiation of Insulin Secretion From Rat Islets of Langerhans

Diabetologia. 1992 Nov;35(11):1020-7. doi: 10.1007/BF02221676.

Abstract

The involvement of nitric oxide as an intracellular messenger in the control of insulin secretion from pancreatic Beta cells was studied in rat islets of Langerhans by measuring: (i) nitric oxide generation in response to physiological insulin secretagogues; (ii) the effects of inhibitors of nitric oxide synthesis on insulin secretory responses to physiological secretagogues, and on insulin synthesis; (iii) changes in islet cyclic guanosine monophosphate in response to secretagogues; (iv) the effects of exogenous cyclic guanosine monophosphate and dibutyryl cyclic guanosine monophosphate on insulin secretion from electrically permeabilised islets and from intact, respectively. These studies produced no evidence that nitric oxide generation is required for the initiation of insulin secretion by common secretagogues. However, the results of our experiments suggest that the generation of nitric oxide may be involved in long-term, glucose-dependent increases in cyclic guanosine monophosphate content of islet cells, although the physiological relevance of these changes requires further investigation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Oxidoreductases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cyclic GMP / pharmacology
  • Dibutyryl Cyclic GMP / pharmacology
  • Insulin / biosynthesis
  • Insulin / metabolism*
  • Insulin / physiology
  • Insulin Secretion
  • Islets of Langerhans / drug effects
  • Islets of Langerhans / enzymology
  • Islets of Langerhans / metabolism*
  • Nitric Oxide / metabolism*
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar

Substances

  • Insulin
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Dibutyryl Cyclic GMP
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase
  • Amino Acid Oxidoreductases
  • Cyclic GMP