Patterns of primary degranulation as indicated by the mean myeloperoxidase index (MPXI) during bacteraemia in lymphoma transplants treated with growth factors

Clin Lab Haematol. 1992;14(4):273-80. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2257.1992.tb00102.x.

Abstract

The pattern of changes in neutrophil myeloperoxidase (MPO) before, during and after bacteraemia was studied in 34 patients recovering from autologous bone marrow transplantation for relapsed Hodgkin's disease and non Hodgkin's lymphomas. Thirteen patients received haemopoietic growth factors (7 received M-CSF, 3 received G-CSF and 3 GM-CSF). The mean peroxidase index (MPXI) produced as part of a routine FBC performed by a flow cytochemistry blood autoanalyser (Technicon H*1) was used as a parameter to assess the MPO and subsequently the azurophil degranulation. The manufacturer's normal values for MPXI range from -10 to +10. Median MPXI on the day of documented bacteraemia was just below normal in the control and M-CSF groups (-10.8 and -8.9 respectively), but it was much below normal in the G-CSF (-16.5, P < 0.05) and even lower in the GM-CSF group (-39.6, P < 0.02); this correlated well with the decreased bacteraemia incidence in the last two groups. Although contact of neutrophils with bacterial chemoattractants resulted in primary degranulation in all groups, the pattern of changes in MPO content was different, suggesting that neutrophils primed in vivo with various haemopoietins respond to the challenge of microbial agents via different pathways.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacteremia / immunology*
  • Bone Marrow Transplantation* / adverse effects
  • Cytoplasmic Granules / metabolism
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / pharmacology
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / therapeutic use
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / pharmacology
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / therapeutic use
  • Hematopoietic Cell Growth Factors / pharmacology*
  • Hematopoietic Cell Growth Factors / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Immunologic Factors / therapeutic use
  • Lymphoma / immunology
  • Lymphoma / therapy*
  • Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / pharmacology
  • Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / therapeutic use
  • Neutropenia / etiology
  • Neutropenia / therapy
  • Neutrophils / drug effects
  • Neutrophils / enzymology
  • Neutrophils / metabolism*
  • Peroxidase / metabolism*
  • Respiratory Burst / drug effects
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Transplantation, Autologous

Substances

  • Hematopoietic Cell Growth Factors
  • Immunologic Factors
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Peroxidase