DJ-927 is a novel taxane, which was selected for high solubility, non-neurotoxicity, oral bioavailability, and potent antitumor activity. In this study, we compared the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of DJ-927 with those of paclitaxel and docetaxel. DJ-927 exhibited stronger cytotoxicity than paclitaxel and docetaxel in various tumor cell lines, especially against P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-expressing cells. The cytotoxicity of DJ-927, unlike those of other taxanes, was not affected by the P-gp expression level in tumor cells, or by the co-presence of a P-gp modulator. When intracellular accumulation of the three compounds was compared, intracellular amounts of DJ-927 were much higher than those of paclitaxel or docetaxel, particularly in P-gp-positive cells. In vivo, DJ-927 showed potent antitumor effects against two human solid tumors in male BALB/c-nu/nu mice, and yielded significant life-prolongation in a murine liver metastasis model with male C57BL/6 mice, in which neither paclitaxel nor docetaxel was effective. The results demonstrate the superior efficacy of orally administered DJ-927 over intravenously administered paclitaxel or docetaxel against P-gp-expressing tumors, probably due to higher intracellular accumulation. A phase I clinical trials of DJ-927 is currently ongoing in the US.