Dent Update. 2003 May;30(4):205-10. doi: 10.12968/denu.2003.30.4.205.


Halitosis (oral malodour or breath odour) is a fairly common complaint. Halitosis is most often a consequence of oral bacterial activity, typically from anaerobes. Occasional causes include systemic disease, and some patients have a psychogenic background to the complaint. The management is outlined in this paper.

MeSH terms

  • Bacteria, Anaerobic / metabolism
  • Chronic Disease
  • Decision Trees
  • Diet
  • Halitosis / etiology*
  • Halitosis / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Oral Hygiene
  • Sulfur Compounds / metabolism


  • Sulfur Compounds