Large-conductance chloride channels of new-born rat cardiac myocytes are activated by hypotonic media

Pflugers Arch. 1992 Nov;422(2):143-50. doi: 10.1007/BF00370413.


Large-conductance chloride (LC-type Cl-) channel activity was studied in rat ventricular myocyte membrane during development. In contrast with results previously obtained in cultured ventricular myocytes of the new-born rat, we failed to record single-channel activity in freshly isolated myocytes whatever the age of the animal (from 2 days old to adult) and the recording patch configuration used. However, spontaneous single-channel activity of LC-type Cl- channels was recorded in bleb membranes of myocytes of rats younger than 12 days, with a higher frequency in excised inside-out membrane patches than in cell-attached membrane patches. In intact neonatal myocytes, application of hypotonic media (150 mOsm) also initiated the channel activity, after variable delays (25-200 s). The channel could not be activated by suction applied through the pipette and was not observable in cells from rats older than 15 days. The LC-type Cl- channels showed properties similar to those reported in other preparations and previously observed in cardiac cultured cells: they had a large single-channel conductance of 400 pS in symmetrical 150 mM NaCl, showed multiple subconductance states, a relatively high selectivity to Cl- ions over Na+ ions (PCl/PNa = 24.6), were blocked by 10 microM 4-acetamido-4'-isothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulphonic acid (SITS) and showed voltage-dependent inactivation. They were not activated by 10 microM colchicine or 3 microM cytochalasin D.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Aging / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Chlorides / metabolism*
  • Culture Media
  • Electric Conductivity
  • Hypotonic Solutions / pharmacology*
  • Ion Channels / physiology*
  • Membranes / metabolism
  • Myocardium / cytology
  • Myocardium / metabolism*
  • Rats


  • Chlorides
  • Culture Media
  • Hypotonic Solutions
  • Ion Channels