The protein kinase pUL97 of human cytomegalovirus interacts with and phosphorylates the DNA polymerase processivity factor pUL44

Virology. 2003 Jun 20;311(1):60-71. doi: 10.1016/s0042-6822(03)00147-8.


The protein kinase pUL97 of human cytomegalovirus plays important but incompletely defined roles in viral replication. Concerning the early phase of infection, it is postulated that pUL97 possesses regulatory functions in gene expression and/or DNA synthesis. Here we report that pUL97 interacts with an essential component of the replication complex, the DNA polymerase processivity factor pUL44. Interaction was determined by yeast two-hybrid and coimmunoprecipitation analyses and was mapped to the pUL97 region 366-459. In vitro kinase assays demonstrated that pUL44, coimmunoprecipitated either from transfected or from infected cells, is phosphorylated by pUL97 (but not by a catalytically inactive pUL97-mutant). In infected fibroblasts, immunofluorescence analysis revealed that pUL97 and pUL44 accumulate in the nucleus and are both incorporated into viral replication centers. The treatment with inhibitors of DNA synthesis or pUL97 kinase activity largely prevented colocalization. Thus, pUL97 may be indirectly involved in viral genome replication by modifying the replication cofactor pUL44.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytomegalovirus / enzymology*
  • Cytomegalovirus / metabolism
  • DNA Replication
  • DNA, Viral / biosynthesis*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect
  • Humans
  • Mutation
  • Phosphorylation
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / chemistry
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / genetics
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / metabolism*
  • Precipitin Tests
  • Protein Binding
  • Two-Hybrid System Techniques
  • Viral Proteins / metabolism*
  • Virus Replication


  • DNA, Viral
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • ICP36 protein, Cytomegalovirus
  • Viral Proteins
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)
  • ganciclovir kinase