Simultaneous determination of leflunomide and its active metabolite, A77 1726, in human plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography

Biomed Chromatogr. 2003 Jun;17(4):276-81. doi: 10.1002/bmc.244.


The isoxazol derivative leflunomide [N-(4'-trifluoromethylphenyl)-5-methylisoxazole-4-carboxamide] is an inhibitor of de novo pyrimidine synthesis used for the treatment of rheumatoid artrithis. In the present study, a liquid-liquid extraction-based reversed-phase HPLC method with UV detection was validated and applied for the analysis of leflunomide and its active metabolite, A77 1726, in human plasma. The analytes were separated using a mobile phase, consisting of acetonitrile, water and formic acid (40/59.8/0.2, v/v), at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min, and UV detection at 261 nm. The retention times for A77 1726, leflunomide and warfarin (internal standard) were 8.2, 16.2 and 12.2 min, respectively. The validated quantification range of the method was 0.05-100 micro g/mL for leflunomide and 0.1-100 micro g/mL for A77 1726. The developed procedure was applied to assess steady-state plasma concentrations of A77 1726 in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with 10 or 20 mg leflunomide per day.

MeSH terms

  • Aniline Compounds / blood*
  • Antirheumatic Agents / blood*
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / blood
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Crotonates
  • Humans
  • Hydroxybutyrates / blood*
  • Isoxazoles / blood*
  • Leflunomide
  • Nitriles
  • Reference Standards
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet
  • Toluidines


  • Aniline Compounds
  • Antirheumatic Agents
  • Crotonates
  • Hydroxybutyrates
  • Isoxazoles
  • Nitriles
  • Toluidines
  • teriflunomide
  • Leflunomide