The associations of social self-control, personality disorders, and demographics with drug use among high-risk youth

Addict Behav. 2003 Aug;28(6):1159-66. doi: 10.1016/s0306-4603(02)00222-8.


A 10-item self-report measure of social self-control was examined for its association with substance use, controlling for its associations with 12 personality disorder indices and 4 demographic variables among a sample of 1050 high-risk youth. Social self-control was found to be associated with 30-day cigarette smoking, alcohol use, marijuana use, and hard drug use, controlling for these other variables. The most consistent concurrent predictors of substance use were male gender, antisocial personality disorder, and social self-control. These results highlight the importance of social self-control as a unique concurrent predictor of substance use and suggest that social self-control skill training is relevant in substance abuse prevention programming.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control*
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Personality Disorders / psychology*
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk-Taking
  • Self Concept
  • Sex Factors
  • Substance-Related Disorders / psychology*