Familial atrophia maculosa varioliformis cutis

Int J Dermatol. 2003 Jul;42(7):530-2. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-4362.2003.01781.x.


Atrophia maculosa varioliformis cutis (AVMC) was first described by Heidingsfeld in 1918, as a rarely reported form of idiopathic macular atrophy on the cheek (1). It is characterized, clinically, by shallow, sharply demarcated depressions in various shapes. Extrahepatic biliary atresia (2) and pachydermodactyly (3) have been the only conditions associated with AMVC reported in the past 80 years. Although keratosis pilaris is a common skin disorder, it is related to other idiopathic atrophic conditions considered in the differential diagnosis of AMVC, namely keratosis pilaris atrophicans (4). However, the two associations may be coincidental. We observed a patient with keratosis pilaris, and her brother and an unrelated young man, whose findings led to a diagnosis of AMVC.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Atrophy
  • Cicatrix / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Skin / pathology*
  • Skin Diseases / complications
  • Skin Diseases / pathology*
  • Skin Diseases / physiopathology