Cholecystokinin-A receptors are involved in food intake suppression in rats after intake of all fats and carbohydrates tested

J Nutr. 2003 Jul;133(7):2319-25. doi: 10.1093/jn/133.7.2319.


The hypothesis of these studies was that all fats and carbohydrates suppress food intake, at least in part, via cholecystokinin-A receptors (CCKAR). Fat (coconut oil, beef tallow, olive and safflower oil) and carbohydrate (cornstarch, sucrose, glucose and fructose) preloads were given intragastrically (1 g/4 mL) 30 min before feeding. Devazepide (0.25 mg/kg), a CCKAR antagonist, was given intraperitoneally at 60 or 30 min before or with each of the macronutrient preloads. Devazepide reversed food intake suppression caused by all fat and carbohydrate sources, but the effect was not consistently related to the time of devazepide administration or to any specific feeding interval. Among the fats, coconut and olive oil were most responsive to devazepide. The effect of all carbohydrates on food intake was decreased by devazepide. We conclude that CCKAR play a role in food intake suppression caused by all fats and carbohydrates, but their role is dependent upon the composition of the fat or carbohydrate.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Appetite / drug effects
  • Appetite / physiology*
  • Devazepide / pharmacology
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage*
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
  • Energy Intake / drug effects
  • Energy Intake / physiology*
  • Hormone Antagonists / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Receptor, Cholecystokinin A
  • Receptors, Cholecystokinin / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Receptors, Cholecystokinin / physiology*


  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fats
  • Hormone Antagonists
  • Receptor, Cholecystokinin A
  • Receptors, Cholecystokinin
  • Devazepide