Glycemic index and satiety

Nutr Clin Care. Jan-Apr 2003;6(1):20-6.


We examine whether the consumption of low-glycemic index (GI) carbohydrates may facilitate a reduction in energy intake in obese people attempting to lose weight. Although data from long-term studies are lacking, short-term investigations indicate that consumption of low-GI carbohydrates may delay the return of hunger and reduce subsequent energy intake relative to consumption of higher-GI carbohydrates. While long-term research on GI and weight regulation is needed, current evidence suggests a potential role for low-GI carbohydrates in weight-reducing regimens.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Eating
  • Energy Intake
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / blood
  • Glycemic Index*
  • Humans
  • Obesity / therapy
  • Satiation*
  • Weight Loss


  • Blood Glucose
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified