Sustained raised intracranial pressure implicated only by pattern reversal visual evoked potentials after cranial vault expansion surgery

Pediatr Neurosurg. 2003 Jul;39(2):75-80. doi: 10.1159/000071318.


Craniosynostosis, the premature fusion of cranial sutures, may be associated with raised intracranial pressure (ICP) with or without a reduced intracranial volume. Regardless of the aetiology, raised ICP may result in optic neuropathy, the timely detection of which can prevent further visual deterioration. Raised ICP is usually treated with craniofacial surgery such as cranial vault expansion. In this case study, we recorded serial pattern reversal visual evoked potentials (pVEPs) and obtained digital optic disc images before and after cranial vault expansion surgery. The amplitude of the pVEPs continued to decrease after cranial vault expansion surgery, prompting further neuroimaging that implicated a blocked ventriculo-peritoneal shunt. Only after shunt revision did the pVEP amplitude increase. Throughout the monitoring period, there was no change in the appearance of either the right or left optic disk, nor a consistent change in visual acuity.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Craniosynostoses / complications
  • Craniosynostoses / physiopathology*
  • Craniosynostoses / surgery*
  • Evoked Potentials, Visual / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Hypertension / etiology
  • Intracranial Hypertension / physiopathology*
  • Intracranial Hypertension / surgery*
  • Treatment Failure
  • Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt*