When your eyes have a wet nose: the evolution of the use of guide dogs and establishing the seeing eye

Surv Ophthalmol. Jul-Aug 2003;48(4):452-8. doi: 10.1016/s0039-6257(03)00052-3.


Formation of "The Seeing Eye," a school for guide dogs, has played a vital role in fostering efforts to develop guide dog programs in the United States and throughout the world. This brief review is intended to highlight the historical evolution of guide dogs for the blind and to tell the story of The Seeing Eye.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blindness / history*
  • Blindness / rehabilitation
  • Bonding, Human-Pet
  • Dogs*
  • History, 15th Century
  • History, 16th Century
  • History, 17th Century
  • History, 18th Century
  • History, 19th Century
  • History, 20th Century
  • History, Ancient
  • History, Medieval
  • Ophthalmology / history*
  • Sensory Aids / history*
  • United States