Masking devices and alprazolam treatment for tinnitus

Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2003 Apr;36(2):307-20, vii. doi: 10.1016/s0030-6665(02)00163-9.


Effective tinnitus relief can be achieved in a large percentage of patients using appropriately selected wearable devices that provide masking of the tinnitus. Guidelines are presented for selecting between three types of devices for that purpose: (1) tinnitus maskers; (2) hearing aids; and (3) tinnitus instruments (units that combine hearing aid and masker in the same case). For patients whose tinnitus cannot be masked, oral administration of alprazolam may be an effective alternative, which should be done with the knowledge and cooperation of the patient's primary care physician. Dosages and guidelines for administering alprazolam are presented.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alprazolam / therapeutic use*
  • Anti-Anxiety Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Perceptual Masking*
  • Tinnitus / drug therapy
  • Tinnitus / therapy*


  • Anti-Anxiety Agents
  • Alprazolam