Although T-type Ca2+ channels have been implicated in numerous physiological functions, their regulations by protein kinases have been obscured by conflicting reports. We investigated the effects of protein kinase C (PKC) on Ca(v)3.2 T-type channels reconstituted in Xenopus oocytes. Phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) strongly enhanced the amplitude of Ca(v)3.2 channel currents (approximately 3-fold). The augmentation effects were not mimicked by 4alpha-PMA, an inactive stereoisomer of PMA, and abolished by preincubation with PKC inhibitors. Our findings suggest that PMA upregulates Ca(v)3.2 channel activity via activation of oocyte PKC.