Diminished catalepsy and dopamine metabolism distinguish aripiprazole from haloperidol or risperidone

Eur J Pharmacol. 2003 Jul 4;472(1-2):89-97. doi: 10.1016/s0014-2999(03)01857-0.

Abstract

Catalepsy and changes in striatal and limbic dopamine metabolism were investigated in mice after oral administration of aripiprazole, haloperidol, and risperidone. Catalepsy duration decreased with chronic (21 day) aripiprazole compared with acute (single dose) treatment across a wide dose range, whereas catalepsy duration persisted with chronic haloperidol treatment. At the time of maximal catalepsy, acute aripiprazole did not alter neostriatal dopamine metabolite/dopamine ratios or homovanillic acid (HVA) levels, and produced small increases in dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC). Effects were similar in the olfactory tubercle. Dopamine metabolism was essentially unchanged in both regions after chronic aripiprazole. Acute treatments with haloperidol or risperidone elevated DOPAC, HVA, and metabolite/dopamine ratios in both brain areas and these remained elevated with chronic treatment. The subtle effects of aripiprazole on striatal and limbic dopamine metabolism, and the decrease in catalepsy with chronic administration, illustrate fundamental differences in dopamine neurochemical actions and behavioral sequelae of aripiprazole compared to haloperidol or risperidone.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Antipsychotic Agents / toxicity*
  • Aripiprazole
  • Catalepsy / chemically induced
  • Catalepsy / metabolism*
  • Corpus Striatum / drug effects
  • Corpus Striatum / metabolism
  • Dopamine / metabolism*
  • Haloperidol / toxicity
  • Limbic System / drug effects
  • Limbic System / metabolism
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred ICR
  • Piperazines / toxicity
  • Quinolones / toxicity
  • Risperidone / toxicity
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Antipsychotic Agents
  • Piperazines
  • Quinolones
  • Aripiprazole
  • Haloperidol
  • Risperidone
  • Dopamine