Effect of dietary supplementation with oregano essential oil on performance of broilers after experimental infection with Eimeria tenella

Arch Tierernahr. 2003 Apr;57(2):99-106. doi: 10.1080/0003942031000107299.


A study was carried out to examine the effect of dietary supplementation of oregano essential oil on performance of broiler chickens experimentally infected with Eimeria tenella at 14 days of age. A total of 120 day-old Cobb-500 chicks separated into 4 equal groups with three replicates each, were used in this study. Two groups, one infected with 5 x 10(4) sporulated oocysts of E. tenella and the other not, were given a basal diet and served as controls. The other two groups also infected with E. tenella were administered diets supplemented with oregano essential oil at a level of 300 mg/kg, or with the anticoccidial lasalocid at 75 mg/kg. Following this infection, survival rate, bloody diarrhoea and oocysts excretion as well as lesion score were determined. Throughout the experimental period of 42 days, body weight gain and feed intake were recorded weekly, and feed conversion ratios were calculated. Two weeks after the infection with E. tenella supplementation with dietary oregano oil resulted in body weight gains and feed conversion ratios not differing from the non-infected group, but higher than those of the infected control group and lower than those of the lasalocid group. These parameters correspond with the extent of bloody diarrhoea, survival rate, lesion score and oocyst numbers and indicated that oregano essential oil exerted an anticoccidial effect against E. tenella, which was, however, lower than that exhibited by lasalocid.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chickens / growth & development*
  • Chickens / parasitology
  • Coccidiosis / parasitology
  • Coccidiosis / pathology
  • Coccidiosis / prevention & control
  • Coccidiosis / veterinary*
  • Coccidiostats / pharmacology
  • Coccidiostats / therapeutic use
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Eating
  • Eimeria tenella* / growth & development
  • Female
  • Lasalocid / pharmacology
  • Lasalocid / therapeutic use
  • Male
  • Oils, Volatile / administration & dosage
  • Oils, Volatile / pharmacology*
  • Oils, Volatile / therapeutic use
  • Oocysts / isolation & purification
  • Origanum / chemistry*
  • Poultry Diseases / parasitology*
  • Poultry Diseases / pathology
  • Poultry Diseases / prevention & control
  • Random Allocation
  • Survival Analysis
  • Weight Gain


  • Coccidiostats
  • Oils, Volatile
  • Lasalocid