Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 424 (6946), 271-6

El Niño/Southern Oscillation and Tropical Pacific Climate During the Last Millennium

Affiliations

El Niño/Southern Oscillation and Tropical Pacific Climate During the Last Millennium

Kim M Cobb et al. Nature.

Abstract

Any assessment of future climate change requires knowledge of the full range of natural variability in the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. Here we splice together fossil-coral oxygen isotopic records from Palmyra Island in the tropical Pacific Ocean to provide 30-150-year windows of tropical Pacific climate variability within the last 1,100 years. The records indicate mean climate conditions in the central tropical Pacific ranging from relatively cool and dry during the tenth century to increasingly warmer and wetter climate in the twentieth century. But the corals also document a broad range of ENSO behaviour that correlates poorly with these estimates of mean climate. The most intense ENSO activity within the reconstruction occurred during the mid-seventeenth century. Taken together, the coral data imply that the majority of ENSO variability over the last millennium may have arisen from dynamics internal to the ENSO system itself.

Comment in

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 32 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

Substances

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback