DOCK2 is a mammalian homolog of Caenorhabditis elegans CED-5 and Drosophila melanogaster Myoblast City which are known to regulate actin cytoskeleton. DOCK2 is critical for lymphocyte migration, yet the role of DOCK2 in TCR signaling remains unclear. We show here that DOCK2 is essential for TCR-mediated Rac activation and immunological synapse formation. In DOCK2-deficient T cells, antigen-induced translocation of TCR and lipid rafts, but not PKC-theta and LFA-1, to the APC interface was severely impaired, resulting in a significant reduction of antigen-specific T cell proliferation. In addition, we found that the efficacy of both positive and negative selection was reduced in DOCK2-deficient mice. These results suggest that DOCK2 regulates T cell responsiveness through remodeling of actin cytoskeleton via Rac activation.