Kinematics of cycling in relation to anterior knee pain and patellar tendinitis

J Sports Sci. 2003 Aug;21(8):649-57. doi: 10.1080/0264041031000102015.


The coronal and sagittal plane leg movements of 24 experienced male cyclists were assessed using video analysis while cycling on a Kingcycle windload simulator. The cyclists were grouped into those with a history of injury and an asymptomatic group on the basis of self-reported injury status. The ages, cycling experience, competition distances and competition speeds of the two groups were compared using Student's t-test. No significant differences (P < 0.05) were found for any of these variables. The maximum and minimum shank adduction, shank adduction velocities, knee flexion and ankle dorsiflexion values were also compared using Student's t-test. Significant differences were found at the point of maximum adduction (1.9 degrees; P = 0.019) and minimum dorsiflexion (4.9 degrees; P = 0.014). These differences indicated more dorsiflexion and greater abduction on the part of the symptomatic cyclists, supporting previous research that found that cyclists with a history of injury differ from those without a history of injury in the coronal plane leg movement patterns they adopt. Also, the most extreme medial position of the knee relative to the ankle occurred during knee extension. This supports the potential injury mechanism proposed by Francis (1986), which had previously only been examined using coronal plane kinematics.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Ankle / physiology
  • Bicycling / injuries*
  • Bicycling / physiology
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Knee / physiology
  • Knee Injuries / complications
  • Knee Injuries / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Pain / etiology
  • Pain / physiopathology
  • Patella / injuries*
  • Range of Motion, Articular / physiology
  • Tendinopathy / physiopathology*